Prevalence Of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd) Among International Primary School Learners In Coastal Region Of Kenya And Central Uganda: A Comparative Study
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. However not many studies have been carried out on ADHD prevalence in the Coastal region of Kenya and Central Uganda. This study sought to establish prevalence of this condition among learners in international primary schools of both regions. This was a comparative study that included 377 respondents. The study adapted Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale Questionnaire (ADHD-SQ) which assessed the three ADHD subtypes. The results revealed that overall ADHD prevalence rate was 20% among the sampled population with higher prevalence in Mombasa (23%) compared to Kampala (15%). Higher prevalence rate was found among boys than girls (30.3% vs. 15.8%) in Coastal region of Kenya. Similarly, higher prevalence rate was found among boys than girls with 17.7% and 12.7% in Central Uganda. The prevalence rate was 11.4% for ADHD Combined subtype, 8.1% for ADHD Hyperactive-impulsive subtype and 3.8% for ADHD Inattentive subtype in the Coastal regional of Kenya. Similarly, prevalence rate was 12.8% for ADHD Combined subtype, 1.4% for ADHD Hyperactive-impulsive subtype and 0.7% for ADHD Inattentive subtype in Central Uganda. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder was prevalent among international primary school children. The study recommended that screening of learners for ADHD should be integrated into the school health services to enable early detection and management of the condition in both countries and for adequate placement of learners in an inclusive learning environment.